An analysis of deceptive behaviours observed in the 116 matches of the 2018 Men’s World Cup in Russia and 2019 Women’s World Cup in France.
This report is based on a non-verbal behavioural study from the University of Portsmouth, UK, which has identified specific behaviours players engage in when trying to deceive referees.
We used the regular TV feed in order to collect data. In many cases, we focused on the Video Replays to analyse players’ behaviours in more detail.
43% of male players didn’t dive
63% of female players didn’t dive
Use this chart to visualize how many times a dive from one team (left side) unfairly impacted another team (right side). The number and size of the connections represent how many cards were produced, goals were scored or score advantages were changed due to those dives.